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  • 石家庄市农业技术转移问题研究

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    石家庄市农业技术转移问题研究
    Study docsou.comricultural docsou.comology Transfer Problem
    docsou.comijiazhuang City
    河北省石家庄市科学技术局 陈凤敏
    摘 要
    有效的农业技术技术转移机制对农业科技进步和农村经济发展至关重要,是促进农业持续,稳定,协调发展,实现农业现代化的根本.石家庄市作为华北粮食等农产品的重要基地,已初步形成了以政府有关部门农业技术推广机构为主,农业科技园区,农业技术市场,农业专业技术协会,依托项目以及"公司+基地+农户"和农业产业化龙头企业等多种形式的农业技术转移的新模式,为石家庄市的农业科技进步和农业发展做出了很大的贡献.然而,随着市场经济和农业产业化的深入发展,以及在WTO框架下的农产品市场国际化,石家庄市现有的部门分割,各自为政的农业技术推广体系和管理方式,出现了不相适应的问题.其他形式的农业技术转移模式在运行中也不尽完善.参照国内外多种农业技术转移模式运行的经验,本文从技术转移理论和农业推广学理论出发,结合石家庄市经济和社会发展水平,提出了打破市县部门分割,整合现有推广机构,实行垂直领导,撤消乡镇农技站改设区域站或产业站,推广人员享受公务员待遇,分离非公益性职能,增加社会科学专业人员的建议;并提出了大力发展农业技术市场,培育技术经纪人队伍;发挥公共现代传媒优势,为"三农"服务;实施"借脑","引智"工程,强化国内外合作;继续扶植各类农业科技园区;规范"公司+基地+农户"的产业化运行机制;提升农村专业技术协会;抓好项目的组织申报与实施;完善和优化农业转移的支撑环境等具体对策建议.
    关键词:农业, 技术转移, 农业推广, 石家庄市
    docsou.comt
    It is docsou.comportant for the effective mechanism docsou.comricultural docsou.comology transfer docsou.comdocsou.comience and docsou.comology docsou.coms and the rural docsou.comvelopment. It is the basis to docsou.comdocsou.comdocsou.comdocsou.comally, steadily and docsou.comly and to docsou.comricultural docsou.comn. Being docsou.comportant north China docsou.com base, Shijiazhuang city has docsou.comarily formed the new pattern with docsou.comricultural docsou.comology transfer which give priority to the docsou.comricultural docsou.comology docsou.comdocsou.comncerned, while with docsou.comience and docsou.comology zone, rural docsou.comology market, rural docsou.comzed docsou.comology docsou.comn, docsou.comg on project, "company + base + peasant docsou.comhold" docsou.comdocsou.comdustrial docsou.com. This has made docsou.comdocsou.comn docsou.comijiazhuang city's agricultural docsou.comological docsou.coms and docsou.comvelopment. But, along with docsou.comdocsou.com depth of market economy docsou.comdocsou.comdocsou.comn, and docsou.comdocsou.comn docsou.comricultural products under the docsou.comamework, the docsou.comdocsou.comdocsou.coments and each does docsou.com his own way docsou.comricultural docsou.comology docsou.comg system and docsou.comive docsou.com Shijiazhuang city has appeared unsuitable docsou.comns. Other docsou.com docsou.comricultural docsou.comology transfer are also not perfect docsou.comg docsou.comn. Refer to the docsou.com of many kinds docsou.comricultural docsou.comology docsou.comom home and abroad, docsou.comom the theory of docsou.comology transfer and rural docsou.comn, docsou.comsay put forward advice of break through docsou.comdocsou.comn of city docsou.comdocsou.comdocsou.coments, conform docsou.comg docsou.comdocsou.comns, docsou.comto practice of vertical docsou.comip, cancel docsou.comricultural docsou.comology docsou.com docsou.com and towns and change to docsou.comn docsou.comn docsou.comdocsou.comzed docsou.comn, the docsou.comg personnel enjoy docsou.coment of government docsou.comnary, docsou.come the docsou.comc docsou.comn docsou.comdocsou.com docsou.com specific docsou.comience. It also put docsou.comdocsou.comdocsou.com and advice docsou.comdocsou.comg major efforts docsou.comdocsou.comg rural docsou.comology market, foster docsou.coment ranks, play the docsou.comrity of docsou.comc modern docsou.comanda docsou.comdocsou.comriculture, docsou.com and peasant, carry out the " borrow docsou.comdocsou.comdocsou.comgence" project docsou.comdocsou.comdocsou.comn with home and abroad, prop up docsou.comdocsou.comience and docsou.comology docsou.comdocsou.comally, conform the docsou.comn mechanism docsou.company + base + peasant docsou.comdocsou.comn, promote rural docsou.comzed docsou.comology docsou.comn, docsou.comdocsou.comn to the docsou.comn docsou.complement of projects, and perfect the docsou.comg environment of rural transfer.

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